Introducing LVis: a programmable audio visualizer

One of my areas of interest in multimedia coding has always been writing audio visualizers. Audio visualizers are software which take audio data as input, run various equations on it and use the results of those equations to render visuals.

You may remember from your childhood using WinAmp to listen to music. The MilkDrop plugin and AVS plugin included in WinAmp are examples of audio visualizers. AVS is a classical visualization engine that operates on evaluating a scene graph to composite the visuals. MilkDrop on the other hand defines the entire visual as a Direct3D scene and uses the hardware to composite the image.

MilkDrop is a very powerful visualizer, and a clone of it was made called projectM. projectM, unfortunately, has some stability issues (and frankly design issues, like the insistence on loading fonts to render text that will never actually be rendered) and so we do not include it in Audacious at the moment. The newest versions of MilkDrop and projectM even support pixel shaders, which allow for many calculations to be run in parallel for each pixel in the final image. It is a very impressive piece of software.

But, with all that said about MilkDrop, I feel like AVS is closer to what I actually like in a visualization engine. But AVS has a lot of flaws too. Describing logic in a scene graph is a major pain. However, in 2019, the situation is a lot different than when AVS was created — JavaScript engines are ubiquitous and suitably performant, so what if we could develop a programming language based on JavaScript that is domain-specific for visualization coding?

And so, that is what LVis is. LVis stands for Lapine Visualizer (I mean, I’m egotistical, what is there to say?) and uses the same underlying tech that QML apps use to glue together native pieces of code that result in beautiful visuals.

LVis rendering a complex waveform

LVis rendering a complex waveform

But why JavaScript? People already know it, and the fundamentals are easy enough that anyone can pick it up. I already hear the groans of “hacker” “news” at this justification, but expecting people to learn something like Rust to do art is simply not realistic — p5.js is popular for a reason: it’s quick and easy to get something going.

And the LVis variant of JavaScript is indeed quite easy to learn: you get the Math functions from JavaScript and a bunch of other components that can you pull into your presets. That’s all you get, nothing else.

LVis rendering another complex waveform with bloom

LVis rendering another complex waveform, with bloom

There are quite a few details we need to fill in, like documenting the specifics of the JavaScript-based DSL used by the LVis engine, so people can confidently write presets. We also need to add additional effects, like video echo and colour remapping.

I think it is important to talk about what LVis is not. LVis is not Milkdrop or projectM. It is based on raster graphics, and provides an architecture not that dissimilar to SVGA-based graphics cards in the 90s. Everything is a surface, and surfaces are freely allocateable, but the world is not an OpenGL scene graph. In this way, it is very similar to AVS.

Right now, the LVis source kit includes a plugin for Audacious and a more fully-featured client that allows for debugging and running specific presets. The client, however, requires PulseAudio, as it monitors the system audio output. I am open to adding patches for other audio systems.

You can download the sources from

LVis demonstration of complex waveforms

At this point, I think it is at a point where others can start playing with it and contributing presets. The core language DSL is basically stable — I don’t expect to change anything in a way that would cause breakage. So, please download it and send me your presets!